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五个世界上最迷人的绿色雕塑花园

2019-04-26 12:56:49 艺术与文化189℃

  五个世界上最迷人的绿色雕塑花园

  自从至少古罗马以来,人类一直在将树木和灌木剪成装饰性的形状。 Pliny the Elder--着名的罗马政治家,写了一本百科全书,在看火山喷发时死亡 - 将修道院的发现归因于Gnaius Mattius,同时拼写为Caius Martius,出生于公元前38年。但Martius不是一个专业的园丁。正如历史学家乔治·德罗尔在一本名为“花园英雄与反派”的书中所写的那样,“他更为人所知的是一部受欢迎的喜剧作家,而且为什么他应该主张将对冲修剪成异想天开的形状还不清楚。”

    

    请记住,那些异想天开的形式不是我们今天想象的 - 就像长颈鹿或一对米老鼠的耳朵。正如马里奥·埃拉斯莫(Mario Erasmo)在罗马漫步:永恒之城的权威行走指南中所写,马蒂斯用植物创造了“狩猎场景和海军舰队”的形状。

    

    当谈到谁应该获得这些园艺专长的真正功劳时,答案实际上可能是古老的奴隶。正如Drower解释的那样,奴隶在罗马从事园艺工作,从希腊,叙利亚和埃及来到皇城,这意味着他们“可能从其他地方引入了修剪 - 可能来自波斯亚历山大大帝的军队找到了对冲的波斯削减的桃金娘。“这将使修剪的开始甚至早于公元前38年

    

    当然,几千年前修饰过的植物不再存在,当然,今天的修剪场景可以追溯到几百年前。为此,请查看我们下面的五大修剪花园:

    

    

    

    市政公墓,Tulcán,厄瓜多尔

      

          

      

          

    

    

              

              

                  

                      

                  

                  

                      

                  

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

              

              

              

                  

                       

                  

                  

                       

                  

                  

                      

                          

                              

                                  

                                      

                                          

                                              

                                              

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (戴夫兰斯代尔)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (席琳马萨)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (戴夫兰斯代尔)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (Kalypso世界摄影/ iStock)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (戴夫兰斯代尔)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (席琳马萨)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (戴夫兰斯代尔)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (席琳马萨)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (席琳马萨)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (席琳马萨)

                                                  

                                                  

                                              

                                          

                                      

                                  

                              

                              

                              

                              

                              

                          

                  

              

          

      

      

    

    根据它的创造者,这个修剪的墓地“非常漂亮,它邀请一个人死去。

   ”在20世纪30年代,正如Atlas Obscura解释的那样,JosèMariaAzael Franco开始雕刻在他工作的墓地里长大的柏树灌木丛。今天,墓地有超过100个错综复杂的修剪工具,由一个团队维护,其中包括一些现已死去的佛朗哥的儿子。佛朗哥的灵感来自罗马,印加,阿兹特克和埃及主题,但他的真正目的是庆祝厄瓜多尔的植物群,动物群和土着文化。

    

    Levens Hall,英国坎布里亚郡

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (艾伦哈里斯)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (HorsesItch)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (艾伦哈里斯)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (艾伦哈里斯)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (史蒂夫西尔弗曼)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (Icimage / iStock)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (Khrizmo / iStock)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (艾伦哈里斯)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (M. C. Morgan)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (艾伦哈里斯)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (史蒂夫西尔弗曼)

                                                  

                                                  

                                              

                                          

                                      

                                  

                              

                              

                              

                              

                              

                          

                  

              

          

      

      

    

    世界上最古老的修剪花园仍然以其原始设计布局,位于英格兰坎布里亚郡的Levens Hall,其历史可以追溯到1694年.Levens展示了100多件修剪的花园,最初由园丁Guillaume Beaumont在17世纪布置。 ,谁也是詹姆斯二世国王的园丁。奖励:Levens还将其网站的整个部分专门用于鬼魂,包括一只小黑狗的出现,据说这条黑狗将游客追逐到酒店非常古老的房子的主要楼梯上。

    

    圣拉斐尔教堂,Zarcero,哥斯达黎加

      

          

      

          

    

    

              

              

                  

                      

                  

                  

                      

                  

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

              

              

              

                  

                       

                  

                  

                       

                  

                  

                      

                          

                              

                                  

                                      

                                          

                                              

                                              

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (CelsoDiniz / iStock)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (F Delventhal)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (F Delventhal)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (F Delventhal)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (Legna69 / iStock)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (史蒂夫)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (布列塔尼)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (OGphoto / iStock)

                                                  

                                                  

                                              

                                          

                                      

                                  

                              

                              

                              

                              

                              

                          

                  

              

          

      

      

    

    Evangelista Blanco Brenes-“一个留着小胡子,浅顶软呢帽和一对篱笆剪刀的小巧男人” - 在1964年创造了这个异想天开的花园。当NPR在44年后采访他时,2008年,Brenes本人仍在剪掉。花园位于教堂Iglesia de San Rafael的地面上,因此有一些宗教符号,包括带有十字架的修剪基督。但也有一个恐龙,一个章鱼,也许是最引人注目的,一系列16个绿色通道拱门通往教堂的入口。 (拱门被认为是当地人的最爱。)至于花园的创造者如何保持他的赏金,布雷内斯告诉NPR他需要整整一个月来修剪一切 - “当我完成时,是时候重新开始了。”

    

    Marqueyssac,Vézac,法国

      

          

      

          

    

    

              

              

                  

                      

                  

                  

                      

                  

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

              

              

              

                  

                       

                  

                  

                       

                  

                  

                      

                          

                              

                                  

                                      

                                          

                                              

                                              

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (ERIC)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (Arie J. Jager / iStock)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (Clive Nichols / Corbis)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (Peet Simard / Corbis)(Clive Nichols / Corbis)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (IvanMikhaylov / iStock)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (Stephane Mignon)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (Stephane Mignon)

                                                  

                                                  

                                              

                                          

                                      

                                  

                              

                              

                              

                              

                              

                          

                  

              

          

      

      

    

    对于那些对超现实,无所不包的景观感兴趣的人来说,Marqueyssac是一个不错的选择。这个着名的花园于1861年开始形成,当时一位名叫Julien de Cerval的人获得了这处房产并花了30年时间监督花园。正如“建筑文摘”所说,他的修剪造型“模仿了多尔多涅河谷周围的山丘,或者从上方看到放牧绵羊的背部。”对于15万棵黄杨木植物进行培育肯定需要做很多工作,但结果却是一个温柔,梦幻般的景象。

    

    绿色植物公园,哥伦布,俄亥俄州

      

          

      

          

    

    

              

              

                  

                      

                  

                  

                      

                  

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

              

              

              

                  

                       

                  

                  

                       

                  

                  

                      

                          

                              

                                  

                                      

                                          

                                              

                                              

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (绿色雕塑公园之友)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (Lorianne DiSabato)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (Lorianne DiSabato)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (Lorianne DiSabato)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (Lorianne DiSabato)

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (EyeJoy / iStock)

                                                  

                                                  

                                              

                                          

                                      

                                  

                              

                              

                              

                              

                              

                          

                  

              

          

      

      

    

    当地艺术家詹姆斯·梅森(James T. Mason)为俄亥俄州的这个修剪花园创造了结构,以模仿Georges Seurat在La Grande Jatte岛上着名的点画家周日下午画作。换句话说,正如WebEcoist所写,“艺术猿艺术”。该公园以前是一所聋人学校的地方,在一场神秘的火灾中燃烧,该公园称自己是“现存唯一已知的一种修剪作品。”

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